Dietary fibers cannot be digested by the body’s own intestinal enzymes. However these fibers are much more than just useless dead weight. As early on as the 1970s scientists already assumed this, as they had discovered that diet-related civilisation diseases occurred much less in rural african populations than in the industrialised West. The african peoples diet distinguished itself as having a high amount of dietary fiber. Thus scientists figured there must be a connection. Today it is known that dietary fibers stimulate the intestine. They thus prevent constipation and preemptively counteract man forms of intestinal disease. High lipid and cholesterol levels can also be lowered by an increased consumption of specific dietary fibers.
Some dietary fibers increase the volume of chyme and thus stimulate the intestine and, in turn, digestion. This leads to a shortening of the gastro-intestinal passage.
Some dietary fibers…
- bind harmful substances found within the intestine and promote the excretion thereof
- saturate the stomach and support weight-loss
- can reduce high lipid and cholesterol levels
- provide a habitat for useful intestinal-bacteria and support a healthy enteric flora
- xpedite the gastro-intestinal passage
Carbohydrates are the body’s primary suppliers of energy. Carbohydrates are also termed as saccharides – another word for sugar. These are further differentiated into mono-, di- and oligosaccharides. Dextrose and fructose belong to the mono- or disaccharides respectively and immediately supply the body with energy. They are chiefly present in sweets and fruits. Oligosaccharides can be found in classic side orders such as potatoes, noodles, rice and wheat products like bread, muesli and oatmeal. These oligosaccharides must first be processed within the body before the energy becomes available.
Since the body continuously burns energy, it also constantly requires a new supply. Here it is important to find the correct amount of carbohydrates to consume, as demand is quite individual. For example: Endurance athletes require more carbohydrates than strength athletes, who in turn require more carbohydrates than couch potatoes.
Sugar (sacharose) is a natural product, obtained in Europe mainly from sugar beets. Fructose (fruit sugar) and glucose (dextrose) are the key components of sugar. The body transforms this sugar into dextrose. Glucose is a fundamental and vital energy supplier, particularly for the brain and central nervous-system. Endurance athletes can significantly improve their performance, if they consume sugar or glucose before and during their physical activity.
Soy protein is obtained from the seeds of the soy plant, which belongs to the family of legumes. It is a very high quality plant protein. Vegans are the chief consumers of these plant based proteins, however more and more “normal” consumers are switching to plant based proteins as an alternative to meat and milk.
Soy protein is also recommended for people with lactose intolerance. Note: If lactose intolerance is present, mix our products with water, juice or soy milk. Alternatively, lactose free milk is available for purchase at supermarkets.
The most well-known sweeteners are saccharin, cyclamate, aspartame, acesulfame. Other sweeteners include sucralose (E 955, made from sugar), steviol glycoside (E 960, obtained from the stevia leaf), neohesperidin or thaumatin. In order to create a sweetness closely resembling that of normal, natural sugar, sweeteners are often mixed and matched.